At 10.41am on 10 April 2010, it crashed a few hundred metres short of the runway, killing all 96 people aboard. Lasek commission's produced over a hundred very detailed technical reports, maps, transcripts, photos and videos which were originally published on www.faktysmolensk.gov.pl website. ", As part of this thawing of relations, on 28 April 18 days after the crash, Russia's state Archive publicly published a number of previously secret files on the Katyn massacre on their website. Piloci chcieli wyprowadzić tupolewa!  In April 2018, the commission headed by Antoni Macierewicz published a report which said that the plane was destroyed in the air by an explosion, and that Russian air traffic controllers at the Smolensk air base had misled the pilots about the plane's location during its approach to the runway. The group was arriving from Warsaw to attend an event commemorating the 70th anniversary of the massacre, which took place not far from Smolensk. "To był policzek dla prezydenta"- Onet.pl – Wiadomości −12.04.2010", "Żałoba narodowa nawet na Malediwach. Its task was to publish and explain all the technical evidence used in the official report. Rzeczpospolita's editor-in-chief and three other staff, including the reporter of the initial claim, resigned from their jobs.  This point (10:40:40 local time, approximately 20 seconds before the collision with terrain) is also notable because this was the moment when the aircraft had crossed the minimum allowed approach slope for this airport (2°10'). As a spokesperson for the Air Force Command said: "The Russian side has not confirmed readiness to secure the flight leader". In February 2018, the commission presented their preliminary findings, repeating the earlier claims. Russians shooting survivors of the plane crash that killed the Polish president Lech Kaczynski.  Wacław Berczyński, constructor of Boeing pointed to the pulled out rivets of the sheeting and claimed that it could be caused only by an internal explosion. Air Crash Su-27 at Poland … A week of national mourning was declared in Poland.  Polish president's plane crashes in Russia : worldnews. . Therefore, when "PULL UP" sounds, the crew is supposed to begin an immediate, maximum performance emergency climb (full power and angle of attack to the maximum permissible without stalling) and continue climbing until the warning stops. Żałoba narodowa na Oceanie Indyjskim", "Черногория объявила воскресенье днем траура по погибшим под Смоленском | В мире | Лента новостей "РИА Новости, "Briefing de presă susţinut de purtătorul de cuvânt la Guvernului, Ioana Muntean, la finalul şedinţei de Guvern", "Serbia to mourn Polish officials killed in crash", "Slovakia Declares State Mourning on the Day of Lech Kaczyński's Funeral", "Prezydent RP Lech Kaczyński nie żyje — Fakty w INTERIA.PL — 10 kwietnia 2010 r. w wypadku lotniczym w Smoleńsku zginął prezydent Polski Lech Kaczyński", "Kaczynski Family Wants No Delay in Polish Funeral (Update1)", "Iceland's volcanic ash halts flights across Europe", "Volcanic ash spreads more travel misery across Europe", "Kto nie przyjedzie na pogrzeb?  The Terrain Awareness Warning System (TAWS) fired its first audible warning "terrain ahead!" As the airport is not usually open for international flights and is not ICAO certified, the air traffic controllers were not required to be fluent in English, the ICAO standard language for ATC communication.  The announcement made on MAK website states that the transcripts are based on a copy of recordings identical to the one which was given to the Polish side during the investigation. ", Meanwhile, the situation in the cockpit was one of very high stress.  It would later be discovered that the FDR was partially defective and had occasional gaps in its data, but as the QAR managed to survive the crash, by synchronizing the data from the two units, a complete picture of flight data emerged.  A three-gun salute was fired.  In March 2015 the Polish committee published a report in which it claimed that two separate explosions took place on board the Tupolev in the last few seconds of its flight, bringing the aircraft down; a third explosion allegedly occurred after the impact with the ground.  Additional "contributing factors" were the Navigator calling out radar altitudes without considering the uneven terrain in the area, utilization of the autopilot and autothrottles much lower than minimum descent altitude which did not comply with the Flight Crew Operations Manual for the Tu-154, and the late start of the final descent which caused the crew to maintain a higher than normal vertical speed. Jerzy Bahr, the Polish ambassador to Russia also stated, "We can sense Russian solidarity at every step of the way. One second after the 100 m altitude was reached, the TAWS alert "PULL UP" activated and continued to sound for the remainder of the flight. In response to the Polish claims of publicity MAK published transcripts of ATC recordings on its website. The MAK completed their investigation on 20 October 2010. Request for document confirmation that Commander of the Landing Zone was allowed to work in bad weather conditions.  The Tu-154 manual indicates that a go-around must be initiated at 200 m if the engines are running at or below 75% N2.  Upon PLF 101's approach to the base, atmospheric conditions continued to worsen, and the fog continued to thicken, further reducing visibility to 400 metres (1,300 ft).  However, in the final report issued by MAK (The Interstate Aviation Committee; Russian: Межгосударственный авиационный комитет, МАК) – a supervising body overseeing the use and management of civil aviation in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), it was stated he had not been assigned to fly the President again since that time, though Polish sources note he flew the President to New York in September 2008, despite objections from the President. A week of national mourning was declared in Poland.  The paper, however, was self-published and not peer-reviewed. The plane was carrying the Polish president, Lech …  Binienda also claimed that the cut wingtip couldn't fly over 100 m from the tree, the hull couldn't be torn to the outside by a collision with the ground, there should be a crater in the ground as a result of the crash if the plane wasn't torn in the air before. at 10:40:06.  The Polish Tu-154 was modified to use western-style ILS. A thorough analysis of terrain reveals that obstacles were present in the safety area, with many trees exceeding the permitted height limit (mostly about 10–11 metres (33–36 ft)). On 17 April, one week after the crash, a memorial service, including a two-minute silence, was held to honour the victims of the crash. MAK states that camera, voice recorders and photo laboratory not worked properly and a lot of information was not saved. This was not the Luch-2MU system as the Russians stated.  An independent mirror was created shortly after. Polish explanation that, according to Polish law, Certificate of Airworthiness is required for civilian planes and is not obligatory for military machines — instead of this certificate, Polish military planes have to accomplish conditions regulated by "Instrukcja służby inżynieryjno-lotniczej Lotnictwa Sił Zbrojnych RP" (Instruction for engineering and aviation service of Aviation Forces in Republic of Poland). As the accident occurred on Russian soil, Russia was tasked by ICAO procedure with primary responsibility for investigation, which it carried out with international cooperation. Smolensk North Airport is a former military airbase, presently in mixed military-civilian use. The couple were buried in a crypt below Wawel Cathedral, a place traditionally reserved for people considered to be heroes of Polish history.  However, it was impossible for the autopilot installed in the aircraft to conduct an automatic go-around from a non-precision approach.  Although this stance changed in 1990 when Mikhail Gorbachev admitted the Soviet NKVD secret police carried out the massacre, the November 2010 resolution was the first time the Russian government admitted direct involvement by Stalin. The Polish authorities found serious deficiencies in the organization and training of the Air Force unit involved, which was subsequently disbanded. The work will be done by scientists based at the Forensic Explosives Laboratory at Fort Halstead, Kent. , The ground visual navigation aids on 10 April 2010 were not effective. , On 19 May 2010, the preliminary report of the investigation into the crash was published. Furthermore, the controllers gave the "Level 101" command ten seconds after the aircraft passed the 100 metres (330 ft) altitude where such call was supposed to be given. It sends shivers down my spine.  There is a method of setting up the TAWS to prevent false warnings when flying into airports not in the database, known as "terrain inhibit" mode; however, the crew did not utilize it. April 10, 2019 4:02 am WARSAW — Nine years ago, a plane crash that killed Poland’s president and 95 others created one of the most potent myths in the country’s history.  Because the terrain rises up to the runway, this could have had the effect of causing the pilot to fly far too low. , As of November 2015[update], Russia is still in possession of the wreckage and black boxes of the Tupolev, having refused various requests made by the Polish government to return the items.  The crowds bowed their heads. A Second Look", "University of Akron engineering professor raises doubts about jet crash that killed Poland's president", "Prof. Nowaczyk doradcą szefa MON ds.  Six seconds later, someone (most likely the captain or navigator) pressed a button on the captain's FMS panel commanding standard barometric pressure be set on the captain's main electronic altimeter. Poland assumed that coordinates are expressed using. , Russia offered full cooperation to Polish prosecutors during the investigation. Doubts about Smolensk compliance with Russian regulations because there were trees and other obstacles in an area 300 to 900 m long before the runway. The tragedy strained already difficult relations with neighbor Russia. , As part of their investigation, MAK conducted an experiment in a Tu-154M simulator to determine how late the crew could have gone around.  Protasiuk had 3,531 flight hours, including 2,906 hours on the Tu-154. The captain and first officer had been the first officer and navigator, respectively, on that flight.  Therefore, upon being handed off (transferred) to Smolensk ATC, the captain took over communication duties from the navigator. incorrect coordination of the crew's work, which placed an excessive burden on the aircraft commander in the final phase of the flight; insufficient flight preparation of the crew; the crew's insufficient knowledge of the airplane's systems and their limitations; inadequate cross-monitoring among the crew members and failure to respond to the mistakes committed; crew composition inadequate for the task; ineffective immediate supervision of the 36 Regiment's flight training process by the Air Force Command; failure by the 36 Regiment to develop procedures governing the crew's actions in the event of: failure to meet the established approach criteria; using radio altimeter for establishing alarm altitude values for various types of approach; distribution of duties in a multi-crew flight.  The transcript confirmed earlier reports that the aircraft had attempted to land in bad weather against the advice of air traffic control and the plane's terrain awareness warning system. In turn Russian investigators received from Poland materials secured after the crash, including those about the technical state of the aircraft and fitness of the pilot. The Polish Air Force Tu-154 plane crashed near the Russian city of Smolensk on April 10, 2010, killing all 96 people on board, including President Kaczynski.  Edmund Klich, the head of the Polish investigative commission, stated in an interview "Pretty much everything is clear right now and nearly all evidence has been gathered".  This is because jet engine throttle response is not linear; jet engines have to "spool up" in order to produce more thrust. Sąd uznał, że tekst Cezarego Gmyza o trotylu na wraku tupolewa był rzetelny", "MoD experts to investigate Polish leader's plane crash blamed on 'Russian aggression, "Poland to sue Russia over withholding 2010 plane crash wreckage", "McNamara European rapporteur on air crash", "Smolensk air crash: Poland's Tusk targeted by new government – BBC News", "PiS wants to put Tusk before State Tribunal", "Smolensk crash: There were explosions on board of presidential Tu-154", "Polish President Andrzej Duda on the Smolensk Crash: MAK and Miller Commissions' reports are only hypotheses that fail confrontation with scientific analysis", "Blog: Airplane Black Boxes Can Reveal or Conceal a Crime", "Smolensk air crash: Poland re-opens investigation", "Poland exhumes president Lech Kaczyński's remains", "Polish leader's jet probably exploded just before 2010 crash:...", "Polish presidential plane was destroyed in air after blast – report", Górski apologizes to Russian authorities (in Polish), "Poles charge Russians over air crash that killed president", "Rift Over Air Crash Roils Poland's Artists", "Smolensk air disaster 'was caused by mystery explosion, "Poland returns to conservative roots with Law and Justice win", "Poland accuses Russia of 'terrorism' over 2010 jet crash", "Polish commission probing 2010 air crash descends into farce", "Smolensk crash: Explosions on board before plane hit ground, investigator says", Lichocka: Film „Przebudzenie” ma pokazać jak wspólnota domaga się prawdy, Findings of the Interstate Aviation Committee Safety Investigation of the Accident involving Tu-154M aircraft tail number 101 of the Republic of Poland on April 2010 near Smolensk "Severny" aerodrome, Об окончательных результатах работы Технической комиссии Межгосударственного авиационного комитета по расследованию катастрофы самолета Ту-154М бортовой номер 101 Республики Польша, произошедшей 10 апреля 2010 г. в районе аэродрома Смоленск "Северный", Final report in English, Polish, and Russian, Video reconstruction of flight (simulation, 36 min., rus), Preliminary transcript of the record from the flight recorder from pilots' cockpit, Photograph of the cockpit of the accident aircraft, showing modern avionics, Cockpit Voice Recorder transcript and accident summary, 1996 enfranchisement and privatisation referendums, Stavropolskaya Aktsionernaya Avia Flight 1023, 2016 Russian Defence Ministry Tupolev Tu-154 crash, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Smolensk_air_disaster&oldid=1000423997, Aviation accidents and incidents in Russia, Airliner accidents and incidents involving controlled flight into terrain, Aviation accidents and incidents involving state leaders, Accidents and incidents involving the Tupolev Tu-154, Aviation accident investigations with disputed causes, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from October 2016, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from October 2016, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2012, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Articles with dead external links from August 2011, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles with Polish-language sources (pl), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.  The final accident report would later conclude that the captain's knowledge of Russian was "satisfactory. An official mourning was proclaimed in 18 countries other than Poland. warning again sounded on the flight deck.  From the photographic documentation of the Polish committee, it appears that the origin of components of the Smolensk North lighting system was unknown. Credit cards belonging to the politician Aleksandra Natalli-Świat were also missing, but not used in transactions. It was Poland's worst tragedy since World War II, killing not only the president and first … , The airport's traffic control communicated with the pilots in Russian, and one of the controllers claimed the Polish crew had problems communicating in this language. 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