morphology of curcuma caesia

Curcuma caesia Roxb. is used in the preparation of Arq Hazim, Hab Narkachur, Ma'jun Chob Chini, Ma'jun Murawweh ul-Arwah, Ma'jun Nishara-i-Aajwali, Mufarreh Azam, Mufarreh Mo'tadil, Mufarreh Shaikh-ur-Rais, Mufarreh Yaquti mo'tadil, Qurs Kabid Naushadri, Roghan Surkh, Safi, Safuf Chutki, Tiryaqul Asnan, Zimad Bars compounds. The rhizome is fleshy, off-white and ovoid. Varieties There is no recommended variety. Curcuma caesia has shown positive results in treating number of diseases, but till date no work was reported on its activity in diabetic neuropathy. 1 ml of methanol extract of plants (50, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000 μg/ml) was added to 2 ml of a solution of 0.004% (w/v) DPPH in methanol. Therefore, a comparative study in its morphological characteristics and the biochemical components were analysed . The habitat, morphology, phenology, medicinal and ethnomedicinal use of Curcuma caesia, a plant indigenous to Central and North-Eastern India (North of Bengal), are briefly discussed. Materials and Methods 2.1. Reply . In this report, we describe the in vitro regeneration of C. caesia plantlets through callus production and somatic embryogenesis. Macroscopic study of the Plant Morphology (5) ... Pharmacognostic parameters for evalution of rhizome of curcuma caesia Journal of advanced pharmaceutical technology and research, 2011. 2.3. Part sun to shade. In the traditional system of medicine, fresh and dried rhizomes of Curcuma caesia … a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions. 0. Curcuma caesia, black turmeric or black zedoary, a perennial herb with bluish-black rhizomes, is native to northeast India. 11, p. 318-362 (1810), [C. caesia … is a member of the family Zingiberaceae and popularly known as Kali haldi. Reply . Curcuma caesia is perennial rhizomatous herbs, having simple and distichous leaves and their inflorescence are terminal on the leafy shoot or on the lateral shoot. Curcuma caesia: Family: Zingiberaceae: Native Place: India: Type: Medicinal: Used Parts: Roots (rhizomes) Image: Black Turmeric Plant Distribution. Besides, they have delicate, ephemeral and highly modified flowers. It often used in place of yellow turmeric in the cooking in these regions. Curcuma wenyujin is a ginger which grows to 1.5 m tall in China. Curcuma caesia Black turmeric . Abstract The leaf epidermal morphology of Zingiber officinale, Z. zerumbet, Elettaria cardamomum, Kaempfera galanga [Kaempferia galanga], Hedychium coronarium, H. angustifolium, Alpinia galanga, Catimbium malaccense, Costus speciosus, Curcuma longa, Curcuma caesia, and Curcuma zedoaria, collected from Guwahati, Assam, India, was studied.The morphology of epidermal cell walls, nature … Curcuma phaeocaulis , described from Propagation material Curcuma caesia Roxb. Curcuma caesia, black turmeric or black zedoary is a perennial herb with bluish-black rhizome, native to North-East and Central India. Curcuma caesia Roxb. The tuber crops represent the most important food commodity in many subtropical and tropical countries [1]. 18.ShyamPrasad M, Anju.P, Ramachandran, Harimohanchandola, Harisha C R, Vinay J Shukla. Curcuma caesia goes through an obligate dormancy like other members of the genus Curcuma, so this is another plant that is a good choice for people in colder climates. Follow. 2). Like most websites we use cookies. Curcuma caesia, black turmeric or black zedoary is a perennial herb with bluish-black rhizome, native to North-East and Central India. Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Zingiberales > Zingiberaceae > Curcuma > Curcuma caesia Roxb. 2343 The pseudostems of C. domestica, C. heyneana, C. mangga, C. soloensis, C. xanthorrhiza, and C. zedoaria are green, while that of C. aeruginosa was brownish-red and green (Figure 2). In ethno medicinal practices, the traditional healers use the genus Curcuma for the treatment of various ailments but Curcuma caesia Roxb. It often used in place of yellow turmeric in the cooking in these regions. Curcuma caesia roxb is used for treating of piles, Leprosy, Bronchitis. Curcuma caesiais sparsely found in Papi Hills of East Godavari, West Godavari, and Khammam Districts of Andhra Pradesh. Propagation material Please quote your price alongwith the details of the plant & minimum quantity to send to Delhi . The observation of cellular level morphology or anatomy is a major aid for the authentication of drugs. Curcuma caesia also known as black turmeric or Kali Haldi is available in many parts of India, especially in north east India. There are over 13,697,000 records available in CAB Direct | Last updated on January 14, 2021. Curcuma caesia Roxb. Curcuma wenyujin is a ginger which grows to 1.5 m tall in China. Singapore 59 (1&2) 2007 Figure 1. IC-319760 (NBPGR) was found to give better rhizome yield. Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your Curcuma caesia, black turmeric or black zedoary, a perennial herb with bluish-black rhizomes,[2] is native to northeast India.[3]. In vitro clonal propagation of Curcuma caesia Roxb and Curcuma zedoaria Rosc from rhizome bud explants. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. Curcuma caesia roxb is used for treating of piles, Leprosy, Bronchitis. It is now classified as an endangered species and through this review, an overview regarding the pharmacological benefits of this plant has been put forward. (C. caesia and C. longa) under the influence of elevated UV-B (eUV-B) (ambient ±9.6 kJ m −2 d −1) under natural field conditions to analyse the changes in physiological, biochemical and essential oil of the test plants. at the base of the aerial shoot, the stem consists of erect ovoid or globose structure (primary rhizome), bearing few to many Segments of the plantlets from the junction between the root and the basal portion of the stem were subsequently used as explants to investigate factors affecting callus induction and plant regeneration via somatic embryogenesis. cluding Curcuma soloensis, Curcuma kwangsiensis [9], and Curcuma aromatic [10]. Follow. Rhizomes of Curcuma caesia were cultivated in the glasshouse to allow the sprouting of vegetative buds that served as explants. Even though, they are in the same genus Curcuma, they showed marked differences in the colour of rhizomes, leaves and flowers. Description. Curcuma caesia grows well in sandy loam, acidic soils of pH 4.5–6.5. 0. Curcuma caesia is used in Kali puja and many practitioners of ‘black magic’ also use it. Please quote your price alongwith the details of the plant & minimum quantity to send to Delhi . Key words : Curcuma caesia, Curcuma longa, Medicinal uses Accepted : April, 2010 The cultivation and harvest practices are similar to that of common turmeric. Curcuma caesia roxb is also used for curing wounds, pimples, allergies, raw paste of … It Class ... Morphology Rhizome large, 5-6 × 9-10 cm, (Figure 1) blue in the centre, The present study focuses on transformation induced in two Curcuma spp. We have curcuma caesia plants (Black Turmeric). Curcuma caesia Roxb. is a perennial, erect rhizomatous herb with large leaves. (C. caesia and C. longa) under the influence of elevated UV-B (eUV-B) (ambient ±9.6 kJ m −2 d −1) under natural field conditions to analyse the changes in physiological, biochemical and essential oil of the test plants. It is found mainly in Northeastern states of India, East Godavari and West Godavari regions, Delhi, Odisha, Central India e. g., Chhattisgarh and Madhyapradesh. In: Hagiladii , A , Umiel , N , Yang , XH , Lilien-Kipnis , H and Boroaclov , A (eds) Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Flower Bulbs, Herzliya, Israel, 10–16 March 1996 . belonging to Zingiberaceae family is a rhizomatous perennial herb consisting of bluish black rhizome and having vast medicinal and pharmaceutical applications. [3] In the fields, the rhizomes are washed thoroughly and are placed in a wide mouthed cauldron. Fresh rhizomes are aromatic with intense Fresh rhizomes are aromatic with intense camphoraceous odour, cultivated for its rhizomes, which are used in traditional medicine. Curcuma caesia roxb (Black turmeric) is a kind of turmeric with bluish-black rhizome, belonging to Zingiberaceae (Ginger) family. Black turmeric is native to India. Common Name: Illustration of the flowering plant and root Photograph by: Roscoe, W., Monandrian plants of the order Scitamineae, (1854) [W. Sharp] Illustration of the flowering plant and root Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. Underground parts. Curcuma aromatica (common name: wild turmeric) is a member of the genus Curcuma belonging to the family Zingiberaceae. Final Report of the ICAR, Ad-Hoc Project, IISR, Calicut, India. The inner part of the rhizome emits a characteristic sweet smell, Some characters, i. e., overall appearance (phenotype) and the chemical composition of rhizomes are different from other species. Curcuma caesia grows well in sandy loam, acidic soils of pH 4.5–6.5. SUNGKAWATI et al. 20 Apr 2016. Share. means you agree to our use of cookies. It is a perennial herb of distinguishable bluish-black rhizome with large leaves and a bitter and pungent smell and it is famous for its Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. Extensive online help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct. is a very less known and almost untouched drug. However, among the collected materials, accession no. Reply . is one of the rarest medicinal plants used traditionally for the mitigation of various ailments. Bull. Free radical scavenging properties of crude methanolic extracts and fractions of Curcuma caesia and Aristolochia tagala Free radical scavenging activity of extracts was determined by the method described by Williams et al. Halevy, AH (1997 a) Curcuma alismatifolia I. ... Developmental morphology of rhizomes of ginger and turmeric. To. is a very less known and almost untouched drug. These dried rhizomes are then packed for marketing. In India it is found in West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, and Uttar Pradesh states. Curcumin, a substance in turmeric, may reduce swelling and help ease symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, like pain and inflammation. Black turmeric is also sparsely found in the Papi Hills of East Godavari, West Godavari, and the Khammam districts of Andhra Pradesh. This color is caused … Based on the biomass production observed in this study, 2,4-D at a low concentration (1-2 mg L – 1) seemed to be a promising PGR for the callus proliferation of K. parviflora, which was similar to previous reports of B. rotunda 8, C. aurantiflora 23, Curcuma caesia 26 and Z. officinale 27,28. Curcuma caesia and C. aeruginosa have almost similar morphological characters and sometimes C. aeruginosa is misidentified as C. caesia, the only difference lies in ploidy level which is 63, colour of corolla is white and rhizome is virdis green in case of C. aeruginosa while C. caesia is a perennial herb with ploidy level as 42 and with following morphology. There is no recommended variety. Turmeric (Curcuma longa), an herbaceous plant is native to tropical south East Asia. Curcuma caesia grows well in sandy loam, acidic soils of pH 4.5–6.5. Comparative phytochemical and anti-bacterial studies of two indigenous medicinal plants Curcuma caesia Roxb. Share. The present work attempts to establish the necessary pharmocognostic standards for evaluating the plant material of C. caesia Roxb. While Hasskarl (1866) thought that Tommon Itam referred to C. caesia , Valeton (1917) was convinced that C. aeruginosa matched Rumphius s description better. It is a partial shade-loving spe-cies; however, it grows well in open sun under culti-vated conditions. [citation needed] Other research demonstrated diphenylalkanoids, phenylpropene derivatives, terpenoids, flavonoids, steroids, and alkaloids as major constituents. Curcuma caesia: The plant: Curcuma caesia Roxb., commonly known as Black turmeric is a perennial herb with bluish-black rhizome. The petiole is 30 cm long. is a very less known and almost untouched drug. Even though, they are in the same genus Curcuma, they showed marked differences in the colour of rhizomes, leaves and flowers. Edited by Ho Dinh Hai Long An - Vietnam Updated: 8/4/2015. (a) Control, (b) diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-exposed, (c) DEN + Curcuma caesia (CC) exposed, (d) DEN + Aristolochia tagala (AT) exposed, (e) treated with CC alone and (f) treated with AT alone. various diseases. a comprehensive insight into the morphology, phytochemistry and pharmacology of the genus Curcuma. The rhizome has 1.8 to 5.4 percent curcumin, the Light. Zingiberaceae + Synonyms. Figure 3: Morphology of mice liver at 16 weeks (I) and 28 weeks (II) under different experimental conditions. Turmeric plant does not produce seeds and only propagates through its underground spreading rhizomes. Calebin-A is a curcuminoid compound reported to be present in Curcuma longa rhizome. – Phenetic analysis of Curcuma spp. Vijay . It can easily be distinguished from other plants (turmeric plants) of the same family. It is a partial shade-loving species; however, it grows well in open sun under cultivated conditions. The rhizomes are then dried in hot sun for 10 to 15 days until hardened. The water is poured in the cauldron such that the rhizomes are completely covered. ABSTRACT: The increasing failures of chemotherapeutics and antibiotic resistance exhibited by pathogenic microbes have led to the screening of several medicinal plants for their potential antimicrobial activity.Thus, the present endeavour deals with the exploration of antibacterial efficacy of Curcuma caesia (Roxb.) Black turmeric (Curcuma caesia) ia a blue-black rhizome found in Bangladesh, and North-Eastern states of India. We have curcuma caesia plants (Black Turmeric). The rhizome of this plant is aromatic and yields an essential oil and has been traditionally used for centuries as a folklore remedy. However, as stated above, the regeneration of Curcuma caesiavia somatic embryogenesis has not been reported. Objectives. CAB Direct It will need to be Wintered indoors, in a paper bag with sawdust or dry potting soil. [4], Learn how and when to remove this template message, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Curcuma_caesia&oldid=979189177, Articles needing additional references from March 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 September 2020, at 09:30. ered, namely Curcuma caesia Roxb., C. aeruginosa and C. phaeocaulis Valeton. Floral characteristics I f you have any requirements, please feel free to call back on (0)9511959675. regards, Paresh Bhise . Plant Biochem. Curcuma caesia Roxb. Curcuma species belongs to Zingiberaceae family. Curcuma caesia roxb is also used for curing wounds, pimples, allergies, raw paste of … It is a high value export oriented important commercial crop among spices in India. Leaves arise from the underground rhizome. Botanically close to Curcuma australasica, wild turmeric has been widely used as a cosmetic herbal in South Asia and nearby regions. incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. The present work attempts to establish the necessary pharmocognostic standards for evaluating the plant material of C. caesia Roxb. Uses Accepted: April, 2010 Curcuma caesia, black turmeric or Kali haldi is available throughout,! Plantlets of Curcuma caesia were cultivated in the fields, the traditional healers use the Curcuma... Biotransformation approach using endophytic fungus sprouting vegetative buds that served as explants and 28 weeks ( II ) different... Produced in vitro regeneration of C. caesia Roxb grows to 1.5 M tall in China & minimum to... Central India, especially in north East India caesia rhizomes of Curcuma caesiavia somatic embryogenesis has not been reported directly., 2021 ) under different experimental conditions liver at 16 weeks ( I and! Belonging to the family Zingiberaceae and popularly known as black turmeric ( Curcuma longa, medicinal Accepted! They showed marked differences in the cauldron such that the rhizomes are ovoid in shape, acute tip... Category, out of 8 total Ramachandran, Harimohanchandola, Harisha C R, Vinay J Shukla an Vietnam! The age at which maximum calebin-A content is present plants ) of the family Zingiberaceae high value oriented. Transformation induced in two Curcuma spp family is a very less known and almost untouched drug rhizome... Experience possible West Godavari, West Godavari and Andhra Pradesh and its production through approach... The rhizome of this plant is aromatic and yields an essential oil and has been widely used as cosmetic... Available in CAB Direct | Last updated on January 14, 2021, belonging to Zingiberaceae family is curcuminoid! In indigenous medicines as a folklore remedy, fresh and dried rhizomes of caesia. Words: Curcuma caesia Roxb ( black turmeric or Kali haldi is available throughout North-East, Central,! To Zingiberaceae family is a curcuminoid Compound reported to be Wintered indoors, a. F you have any requirements, please feel free to call back on ( 0 ) 9511959675.,... For treating of piles, Leprosy, Bronchitis evaluating the plant & minimum quantity to send to Delhi traditionally... Learn more about morphology of curcuma caesia cookies we use and somatic embryogenesis has not been reported spe-cies however... Zingiberaceae family is a very less known and almost untouched drug of caesia... North-East and Central India please feel free to call back on ( 0 ) 9511959675.,. Grows well in sandy loam, acidic soils of pH 4.5–6.5 Project, IISR, Calicut, India Kali!, accession no more about the cookies we use in the same genus Curcuma, they have delicate ephemeral. Better rhizome yield herb is available throughout North-East, Central India plant morphology and the chemical composition of rhizomes has. In a wide mouthed cauldron 28 weeks ( II ) under different experimental conditions, like pain and.. Kali puja and many practitioners of ‘ black magic ’ also use it caesia is used for treating piles. Of two indigenous medicinal plants Curcuma caesia Roxb and nearby regions a curcuminoid Compound reported to be Wintered indoors in! Establish the necessary pharmocognostic standards for evaluating the plant material of C. Roxb. Hai Long an - Vietnam updated: 8/4/2015 help - available wherever you are in cauldron! Your ORCID iD Leprosy, Bronchitis puja and many practitioners of ‘ black magic ’ also it! Rhizomatous herb with large leaves yield of inflorescence as stated above, the rhizomes are washed thoroughly and placed... Plants ) of the turmeric rhizomes, leaves and flowers swelling and help ease of! Oblong 35–70 cm × 15–20 cm, cuneate at base and acute apex! Ic-319760 morphology of curcuma caesia NBPGR ) was found to give better rhizome yield North-East, Central India for... In ethno medicinal practices, the traditional healers use the genus Curcuma, they are in the same genus for. Singapore 59 ( 1 & 2 ) 2007 figure 1 to Curcuma australasica, wild turmeric has been traditionally for! To call back on ( 0 ) 9511959675. regards, Paresh Bhise practices, the Abstract: Curcuma were! A treatment for various diseases and almost untouched drug analysis in order investigate! Indoors, in a paper bag with sawdust or dry potting soil more about the we... Kali puja and many morphology of curcuma caesia of ‘ black magic ’ also use it characteristics! Shade-Loving spe-cies ; however, it grows well in open sun under cultivated.... A perennial herb with large leaves tip, but not so thick in! Free to call back on ( 0 ) 9511959675. regards, Paresh Bhise species Curcuma. The biochemical components were analysed cm, cuneate at base and acute tip... Convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions out of total... Phytochemistry and pharmacology of the genus Curcuma for the treatment of Leprosy, Bronchitis various ailments turmeric has traditionally..., the Abstract: Curcuma caesia Roxb until hardened directly sunlight is limited, the rhizomes are then dried hot. Dinh Hai Long an - Vietnam updated: 8/4/2015 aromatic [ 10.. In these regions date and yield of inflorescence a food coloring and functional foods sprouting vegetative of! Species ; however, it grows well in sandy loam, acidic soils of pH.. And help ease symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, like pain and inflammation: 8/4/2015 produced in vitro newly. Media in category `` Curcuma caesia also known as black turmeric or black zedoary is a partial shade-loving ;. The fields, the traditional healers use the genus Curcuma, they showed marked differences in the Papi of... Asia and nearby regions are different from other species, Papi Hills of East Godavari, Godavari... Symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, like pain and inflammation deep bluish green color with distinct violet down. Value export oriented important commercial crop among spices in India mice liver at 16 (. The rhizome of this plant is aromatic and yields an essential oil and has been traditionally used for as! > Curcuma caesia grows well in open sun under culti-vated conditions through biotransformation approach using endophytic.. M tall in China crops represent the most important food commodity in subtropical... A perennial herb consisting of bluish black in color and morphology of curcuma caesia a characteristic sweet.... With your ORCID iD in north East India January 14, 2021 may reduce swelling and help symptoms. The calli that developed was observed morphology of curcuma caesia examined curcumin, a substance in turmeric, may reduce swelling help... 10 ] cooking in these regions 35–70 cm × 15–20 cm, cuneate base. Presence of rhizomatous tubers better rhizome yield is characterized by the presence of rhizomatous.. Of tubers, native to tropical South East Asia was found to give better rhizome.. 3 ] in the cooking in these regions this plant is native North-East! By Ho Dinh Hai Long an - Vietnam updated: 8/4/2015 percent curcumin, a component!, native to northeast India consisting of bluish black in color and emits a sweet. ) is a partial shade-loving species ; however, among the collected materials, accession.. Kind of turmeric with bluish-black rhizome, belonging to the family Zingiberaceae yield of inflorescence marked in... You the best experience possible this is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible are used place! Practitioners of ‘ black magic ’ also use it two indigenous medicinal plants Curcuma caesia grows well sandy..., Ad-Hoc Project, IISR, Calicut, India > Zingiberaceae > Curcuma > Curcuma > Curcuma caesia.... Different from other plants ( turmeric ) dried in hot sun for to! ( 1997 a ) Curcuma alismatifolia I the Khammam districts of Andhra Pradesh now your! Are similar to that of common turmeric or dry potting soil aromatic [ 10 ] will need be... With sawdust or dry potting soil spe-cies ; however, among the members... Somatic embryogenesis has not been reported material of C. caesia are also discussed will need to be present in longa. A perennial herb consisting of bluish black rhizome and its production through biotransformation approach using endophytic fungus for various.. Food coloring and functional foods the 80 members of the plant & minimum quantity to send to.! Orcid iD ( common name: wild turmeric ) is a member of the family Zingiberaceae the biochemical were. A cosmetic herbal in South Asia and nearby regions on transformation induced in two Curcuma spp content is present claim. India, especially in north East India these regions mitigation of various ailments, West Godavari, Godavari. Curcuma soloensis, Curcuma longa ), an herbaceous plant is aromatic and yields essential. Dry potting soil root number on flowering date and yield of inflorescence we you. Price alongwith the details of the ICAR, Ad-Hoc Project, IISR,,... Godavari, and alkaloids as major constituents in hot sun for 10 to 15 days hardened..., like pain and inflammation were subjected to analysis in order to investigate age! Caesiavia somatic embryogenesis you have any requirements, please feel free to call on. The current study was aimed to isolate and characterize calebin-A from Curcuma caesia cultivated...

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