argan tree climate

Argan oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E. The tree is native to southern Morocco, where it grows in open forests up to an altitude of more than 5,000 feet. The accuracy of climate forecasting will support governments and industry avoid costly insurance claims and help ensure infrastructure investments that will withstand an increasingly extreme climate. Piping Rock's Argan Oil is cold-pressed from the nuts of the argan tree that thrives in the arid climate of southwestern Morocco. Picture left: Argan valley in south-western Morocco. Morocco committed within its INDC to reduce its Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emission by 32% by 2030 through mitigation activities. REGENERATION OF THE ARGAN TREES > Production of plants > Plantation of new trees > Maintenance / monitoring > Compensation for deferred pasture. Cheddadi, R, Palmisano, A, Lopez-Sáez, JA. The trees grown in semi-desert soil and are very resilient to changes in climate Picture right: Goats climbing the trees. It supplies beneficial essential fatty acids in addition to vitamin E and nourishing age-defying antioxidants. Climate and land-use effects on hydrological and vegetation signals during the last three millennia: Evidence from sedimentary leaf waxes in southwestern Morocco. Argania (Berber: ⴰⵔⴳⴰⵏ argan) is a genus of flowering plants containing the sole species Argania spinosa, known as argan, a tree endemic to the calcareous semidesert Sous valley of southwestern Morocco and to the region of Tindouf in southwestern Algeria. This product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. After 700 CE, δDwax and δ13Cwax became de-coupled suggesting that the plant wax discharge and their isotope signals were no longer solely controlled by climate; the waxes likely mainly originate from the lowlands and carry an enriched (dry) δD signal but a depleted 13C signature. In Agroforestry Systems, April 2018, researchers dr. Said Moukrim et al. An Israeli company, named Sivan, has created a special strain of argan trees that are tolerant to the Mediterranean climate and can produce 10 times more nuts than their Moroccan equivalent. Poor visibility days in India increased to 27.3% of days in 2008 from 6.7% in 1961 and research confirmed a gradual increase has occurred in the number of fog days over three decades. It is bordered by the Sahara, the High Atlas as well as the Anti-Atlas Mountains between Essaouira and Agadir Ida Outanane including the Souss-Massa National Park / southwest Morocco, Inzeguane Aït Melloul, Chtouka Aït Baha, Taroudant, and Tiznit and open to the Atlantic on … Understanding the history of the Argan tree helps scientists separate the impact of human activities like charcoal production versus climate change on predicting the future health and protection of remaining Argan tree populations in Morocco. Morocco intends to plant 43,000 hectares of argan tree orchards and promote arganiculture as a priority activity to reduce GHG emissions. Argan trees are endemic to Morocco and are vital to maximizing prosperity, food security and biodiversity in the nation's region of Essaouira. Argan oil is produced from the seeds and practices relating to the Argan tree by the local Moroccan community are so highly valued that UNESCO has identified them as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. In Morocco environmentalists and the government want to use the drought-resistant argan tree to prevent the Sahara Desert from spreading. GP: Are the Israeli argan trees the same variety as the Moroccan trees? Argan tree is now found in an intramontane area with very low average rainfall covering more than 2,560,000 hectares. It is an interesting multi-use tree with important socio-economic characteristics. Argan trees grow in the Souss region under both extreme climate conditions and intense anthropogenic pressure. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. will protect the endangered Argan forest of Morocco; prevent the Sahara desert from spreading; will be an important contribution to protect our planet and fight climate change; Argan Care Silver EUR 5000. This site uses cookies. Climate scientists are expanding their research focus from large climate simulations of global weather patterns to integrating more detailed, regional weather models. Simonneaux, V, Cheggour, A, Deschamps, C. Wassenburg, JA, Immenhauser, A, Richter, DK. Argan cultivation systems use locally adapted species and pastoralism activities and are supported by traditional water management systems. Login failed. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. This region is presently subject to severe droughts, desertification and land degradation, and likely facing increased climate variability and socio-economic stress in the future. UNITED NATIONS PROGRAM FOR DEVELOPMENT. Fog is a major weather hazard for northwestern India which has about 48 days per year of severe fog during the December-February time-period. Fructele arborelui și uleiul produs din semințele acestora sunt utilizate pe scară largă în bucătăria tradițională din această regiune. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. EUROPEAN UNION 3. Members of _ can log in with their society credentials below, Asmae Baqloul, Enno Schefuß, Martin Kölling, Lydie Dupont, Jeroen Groeneveld, Xueqin Zhao, Hanane Reddad, Lhoussaine Bouchaou, and Ilham Bouimetarhan. The crown has a circumference of about 70 m (230 ft) and the branches lean towards the ground. Lean Library can solve it. In this study, researchers analysed over a 3400-year history of vegetation, climate and fire frequency change to assess the impact on the Argan tree in southern Morocco using pollen, tiny charcoal fragments and sediment records. Find out about Lean Library here, If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below. Based on international bibliography, the authors outlined an agroclimatic zoning model for this tree in Argentina. Results: Alkane and isotope characteristics, Elucidating the climate and topographic controls on stable isotope composition of meteoric waters in Morocco, using station-based and spatially-interpolated data, Speleothem records decadal to multidecadal hydroclimate variations in southwestern Morocco during the last millennium, The impact of storms in the morphodynamic evolution of a human-impacted semi-sheltered beach (Agadir Bay, Morocco), Deuterium and oxygen-18 isotope composition of precipitation and atmospheric moisture, L’eau et la société dans un milieu rural aride. Argan trees can be grown from seed and can survive temperatures down to 19 degrees Fahrenheit. Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. Internationally, the argan tree, is winning admiration and seen as a “true climate champion” due to its resilience to adapt well to harsh climatic conditions. Morocco vulnerability to climate change exacerbate such negative trend. Argan trees grow to 8–10 m (26–33 ft) high and live up to approximately 200 years. Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. The period between ~700 and 900 CE coincides with the Arabization of Morocco which had an impact on the demographic composition of the country leading to new agricultural habits and, as a result, on the land-use triggering a higher erosion of lowland material by the Souss River. Ocean currents and the marine ecosystems that thrive in them are also affected more intensively by climate change in particular locations that tend to shift over time in complex patterns, making research challenging for oceanographers to capture data and develop forecasts. Similar support within the country has helped build women’s argan oil cooperatives, by providing argan trees, thereby reducing inequalities and bringing money back into local economies. To read the fulltext, please use one of the options below to sign in or purchase access. De l’analyse vers la modélisation d’un système fragile et complexe, Flexible paleoclimate age-depth models using an autoregressive gamma process, Report and preliminary results of meteor cruise M 58/2: Las Palmas Las Palmas (Canary Islands, Spain), 15.05.-08.06, Application of multiple isotopic and geochemical tracers for investigation of recharge, salinization, and residence time of water in the Souss Massa aquifer, south west of Morocco, Environmental drivers of holocene forest development in the Middle Atlas, Morocco, Ethnoeconomical, ethnomedical, and phytochemical study of, Environmental changes in the Moroccan western Rif mountains over the last 9,000 years, Human demography changes in Morocco and environmental imprint during the Holocene, Compound-specific δ13C analyses of leaf lipids from plants with differing carbon dioxide metabolisms, Diagenesis of free and bound lipids in terrestrial detritus de-posited in a lacustrine sediment, Extracting the most from terrestrial plant-derived n-alkyl lipids and their carbon isotopes from the sedimentary record: A review, An 18 000-year pollen and sedimentary record from the cedar forests of the Middle Atlas, Morocco, Long-term drought severity variations in Morocco, Growth pattern and seasonal behavior of buds of Colliguaya odorifera, a shrub from the Chilean mediterranean vegetation, Decadal trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: Regional temperatures and precipitation, Influence of land use on distribution of soil n-alkane δD and brGDGTs along an altitudinal transect in Ethiopia: Implications for (paleo) environmental studies, Long-term precipitation variability in Morocco and the link to the large-scale circulation in recent and future climates, A global survey of carbon isotope discrimination in plants from high altitude, Carbon isotope discrimination by plants follows latitudinal and altitudinal trends, The transition of the monsoonal and the N Atlantic climate system off NW Africa during the Holocene, Human impact on the vegetation of the Middle Atlas, Morocco, during the last 5000 years, An 18,000 year record of vegetation, lake-level and climatic change from Tigalmamine, Middle Atlas, Morocco, Relation between century-scale Holocene arid intervals in tropical and temperate zones, Lake evolution in a semi-arid montane environment: Responses to catchment change and hydroclimatic variation, Atmospheric teleconnection mechanisms of extratropical North Atlantic SST influence on Sahel rainfall, Rapid 20th-century increase in coastal upwelling off Northwest Africa, Vegetation change, goats, and religion: A 2000-year history of land use in southern Morocco, Biodiversité et biogéographie de l’Arganeraie marocaine, Sahel megadroughts triggered by glacial slowdowns of Atlantic meridional overturning, The stable hydrogen isotopic composition of sedimentary plant waxes as quantitative proxy for rainfall in the West African Sahel, Orbital- and millennial-scale changes in the hydrologic cycle and vegetation in the western African Sahel: Insights from individual plant wax δD and δ13C, Development of the radiocarbon calibration program, IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0–50,000 years cal BP, Molecular paleohydrology: Interpreting the hydrogen-isotopic composition of lipid biomarkers from photosynthesizing organisms, Forcing of wet phases in south east Africa over the past 17,000 years, Climatic controls on central African hydrology during the past 20,000 years, Land use and climate change effects on soil erosion in a semi-arid mountainous watershed (High Atlas, Morocco), Boreotropical migration explains hybridization between geographically distant lineages in the pantropical clade Sideroxyleae (Sapotaceae), Environmental changes over the past 25 000 years in the southern Middle Atlas, Morocco, North Atlantic storminess and Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation during the last Millennium: Reconciling contradictory proxy records of NAO variability, North Atlantic Oscillation-concepts and studies, Major reorganization of the North Atlantic Oscillation during Early Holocene deglaciation, Moroccan speleothem and tree ring records suggest a variable positive state of the North Atlantic Oscillation during the Medieval Warm Period, Human impacts on environmentdiversity relationships: Evidence for biotic homogenization from butterfly species richness patterns, Recent climatic and anthropogenic impacts on endemic species in south western Morocco, Atlantic forcing of Western Mediterranean winter rain minima during the last 12,000 years, Millennial-scale fluctuations in Saharan dust supply across the decline of the African Humid Period. 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